July 2023 Turkey Earthquake

Istanbul after the devastating earthquake
Date July 17, 2023
Time 4:18 PM
Duration 2 minutes, 18 seconds
Magnitude 8.7
Depth 5.3 miles
Epicenter Isntabul, Turkey
Type Mega-thrust
Areas affected Europe, Northern Africa, Middle East, Saudia Arabia Peninsula
Total damages $430.9 billion (2016 USD)
Maximum intensity XII (Extreme)
Foreshocks 9 (biggest 5.4 July 17)
Aftershocks 1,037 (as of December 2024, biggest 6.3 January 14 2024)
Total casualties 320,000-800,000, 1,000,000~ injuries, 1700 missing
At 4:18 PM, the costliest and deadliest earthquake in modern history and ever recorded strck Istanbul, Turkey. For years, scientists had always warned that Istanbul was prone for a massive earthquake, and they listened. However, they did not realize how powerful the earthquake would be. The earthquake killed up to 800,000 people, andcaused $409 billion in damages (2016 USD), making it the dealiest and costliest earthquake ever and costliest event in history. Having it's epicenter just 3 miles off the coast of Istanbul, it caused a tsunami that wiped out the coast of Turkay, and measured 64 feet. It crossed into the Black Sea and did damage to the coastal areas there, with a wave measuring 53 feet at Turkey's northern coast. The tsunami taveled across the Mediterranean. In Spain, the wave was 6 feet. In all, the Mediterranean, Red, and Black Sea all sustained major to minor damage.